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Groupers, or Sea Basses or Fairy Basslets, belong to the family Serranidae. The family contains about 450 species of serranids in 64 genera. They range in size from the Belted Sandfish (Serranus subligarius), which grows to 11cm (4.33"), up to the Itajara (Epinephelus itajara), which grows to 240cm (94.5") and weighs up to 300 kg (660 lb).
Many serranid species are brightly coloured, and many are caught commercially for food. They are usually found over reefs, in tropical to sub-tropical waters along the coasts. Serranids are generally robust in form, with large mouths and small spines on the gill coverings. They typically have several rows of sharp teeth, usually with a pair of particularly large, canine-like teeth projecting from the lower jaw. They are all carnivores.
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Pages in category "Groupers"
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